Will of Thomas Rolfe 1826

 

In the Name of God, Amen. I, Thomas Rolfe of Great Dunmow in the county of Essex, Yeoman, being of sound mind, memory and understanding [praised be God for the same] so make and declare this my last Will and Testament in manner following [ that is to say] I give and devise unto my cousin William Savill who now lives with me and his heirs All that my Tenement in cottages and closes of land thereunto adjoining and belonging and the Barn thereupon erected and standing with the Appurtenances situate lying and being in Barnston in the County of Essex And also all that closes of land lying and being in Great Dunmow aforesaid to the said cottage and tenement also belonging Which said two closes of land contain together by continuation three acres be the same more or less and are now in my own occupation and in the occupation of William Richardson and Joseph Joyce or our respective Assigns And also all the freehold Messuaged or tenement wherein I now dwell in Great Dunmow aforesaid with the Barns, Stables Outhouses and Buildings thereunto belonging and all the lands Meadows and pasture grounds thereunto also belonging or now used or enjoyed therewith [ being part freehold and part Copyhold] with their Appurtenances situate lying and being in Great Dunmow and Barnston aforesaid and in Great Waltham in the said County of Essex and now in my own occupation [ the Copyhold Part of which said premises I have duly surrendered to the use?? of my Will] And also all my Copyhold Messuages, lands and tenements whatsoever with their Appurtenances situate lying and being in Barnston aforesaid and hold on of the Manor of Barnston by Court Roll and which are duly surrendered to the use of my Will and all other my real Estate whatsoever and whichsoever To hold all and every the said Freehold and Copyhold Premises with their and every of their Appurtenances unto the said William Savill and his heirs and Assigns for ever, subject nevertheless to, and charged and chargeable with the several Annuitive yearly Rents or Sums of twenty pounds and five pounds hereafter mentioned And I do hereby give, devise and bequeath unto my Brother Robin Rolfe of Chelmsford in the County of Essex, mallster, and his Assigns for and during the term of his natural life an Annuity or ??? yearly Rent charge or Sum of twenty Pounds of lawful money of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland as the same is current in England and to my sister Sarah Rolfe, who now lives with me, and her assigns for and during the term of her natural life An Annuity or /// yearly rent charge or sum of five Pounds of like lawful money and I direct that the said several Annuities or Yearly Rents shall be issuing and payable out of my said Freehold and Copyhold Messuages, lands, tenements and .../ hereinbefore avowed?? with their Appurtenances and be paid and payable by four ??/payments [that is to say] the sixth day of January, the sixth day of April. the sixth day of July and the eleventh day of October in each and every year...? and clear of and from all Parliamentary or other taxes or deductions whatsoever, and that the first payment therof shall be made on each of the same days as shall first and next happen after my Decease.

 

And I do hereby subject and charge all my said freehold and Copyhold messuages, lands, tenements and hereditaments and every part thereof so/to and with the payment of the said Annuities Yearly Rents or Sums of twenty pounds and five pounds accordingly. And my Will is that in case the said several Annuities of Twenty Pounds and Five Pounds or other of them or any part thereof shall be behind and unpaid by the space of 20 days after any of the said days whereon the same are herein before directed to be paid as aforesaid [ although the same shall not be lawfully demanded] , then and so often as the said Annuities or either of them or any part thereof shall be so in arrear, it shall and may be lawful to and for the said Robin Rolfe and Sarah Rolfe respectively or their respective Assigns being unpaid as aforesaid, to enter upon the said Freehold and Copyhold Premises and distrain?? for the said Sum or sums or so much thereof as shall be so in arrear, and the Distress or Distresses?? then and there found to obtain and to keep and to dispose of the same in like manner as may be legally ??? in case of Distress for Rent, until he, she or they shall be fully paid and satisfied. and, in case the said Annuities of £20 & £5 or either of them, or any part thereof shall be behind and unpaid by the space of 40 days next after either of the said days of payment whereon the same ought to be paid as aforesaid, then and so often as the said several annuities , or either of them or any part thereof shall be so in arrear , it shall and may be lawful to and for the said Robin Rolfe and Sarah Rolfe respectively and their respective Assigns into all and singular the said premises to enter and the same to hold and to enjoy and the rents ..?? . . .I do further subject and charge all the said freehold and Copyhold premises hereinbefore devised to the said William Savill and his Heirs as aforesaid from and after the decease of my said brother Robin Rolfe to and with the payment of an Annuity or Yearly sum of £5 of lawful money of the United Kingdom of Great Britain & Ireland current in England to each of the 2 daughters of the said Robin Rolfe , Sarah Rolfe and Mary Rolfe ......

Also I give and bequeath unto each of my 2 cousins Thomas Savill of Barnston aforesaid, labourer, and James Savill of Great Dunmow aforesaid, labourer, £100 apiece of lawful money, on attaining 21 years of age. And if one dies before that age, the other gets all £200. And I do make and appoint William Savill & William Ruffle of Barnston aforesaid Executors of this my last Will & Testament and I give unto William Ruffle the sum of £5 . Will signed 7/5/1803 Witnesses: Nicholas Tokey, Susannah Hodgkin & William Potter.

Thomas Rolfe died in the parish within mentioned on 10/1/1826. William Savill, the surviving Executor, was sworn to it 27/1/1826. And the Will was proved 11/5/1826. ~£600 was left.

Comment.

I have transcibed all that was relevant in the Will, paraphrasing at times.

Thomas Rolfe left ~£600 and had lands in Great Dunmow, Barnston & Great Waltham

Basically, we now know that Thomas Rolfe had siblings Robin Rolfe, Chelmsford, and Sarah Rolfe, both alive in 1803, Sarah living with Thomas..

And that Robin Rolfe had daughters, Sarah Rolfe & Mary Rolfe . No mention is made of a separate daughter Mary Rolfe to Thomas Rolfe - & no Thomas marriage found GD 1754-1770.. Thus, I must assume that the Mary Rolfe, aged 54, living with William Savill in 1841C, and still living with William's widow Susannah when she, Mary Rolfe, died in 1849 was a daughter of Robin Rolfe. Since this Mary Rolfe was definitely - this stated in 1843 Will of William Savill - a sister of William Savill's mother, Frances Rolfe, then Robin Rolfe of Chelmsford was the father of Frances Rolfe, who had died before the will was made

The word 'cousin' is used in a loose way. If all my assumptions are correct, then William Saville is the great nephew of Thomas, his mother Frances being his niece

What happened to the Sarah Rolfe, likely b.1770, daughter of Robin, sister of Mary, and seemingly still single in 1803 ?- Death/marriage??

BUT, a Robert Rolfe married Sarah Shepherd [both given as single] in G.D. in 1769- witness Thomas Rolfe - thus cannot be the parents of Frances, born 1766 at the latest! Could she have been born to Sarah Shepherd before the marriage?? - no baptism in GD.

Have found the G.D. 1770 baptism of a Sarah Rolfe to Robert & Sarah. Is it possible that there could be 2 Sarahs born to a Robert 1770-1780.

No Rolfe baptisms LD 1751-1788

Also proves the existence of a Thomas Savill and James Savill, as younger brothers of William Savill 1782 , both under 21 in 1803, thus born after 1782. And, in fact, I already have baptisms of Thomas Savill 1784 & James Savill 1786 to Benjamin Savill & Frances Rolfe. Thomas & James do not seem to be living in Thomas Rolfe's house in 1803, so maybe still living with their father Benjamin

Also tells us that William Savill was living in Thomas Rolfe's house by 1803.

The executor William Ruffle had married an Elizabeth Rolfe in Barnston in 1791, Thomas Rolfe being a witness! Was Elizabeth another sister of Frances, Sarah & Mary?? Seemingly William Ruffle had died by 1826

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Earlier Rolfes